What Is Conservation
Conservation is a profession that
is devoted to the preservation of cultural property for the future.
Conservation activities include
examination, documentation, treatment, and preventive care, supported
by research and education.
Examination is the investigation of the
structure, materials, and the condition of cultural property including
the identification of the extent and causes of alteration and
Documentation consists of the recording in a
permanent format, of information derived from conservation activities.
Treatment is the deliberate alteration of
the chemical and/or physical aspects of cultural property, aimed
primarily at prolonging its existence. Treatment may consist of
stabilization and/or restoration.
Stabilization is a type of treatment
procedure intended to maintain the integrity of cultural property and
to minimize deterioration.
Restoration is another type of treatment
procedure intended to return cultural property to a known or assumed
state, often through the addition of non-original material.
Preventive Care (also referred to as
preventive conservation) is the mitigation of deterioration and damage
to cultural property through the formulation and implementation of
policies and procedures for the following: appropriate environmental
conditions; handling and maintenance procedures for storage,
exhibition, packing, transport, and use; integrated pest management;
emergency preparedness and response; and re-formatting/duplication.
is those objects, collections, specimens, or sites identified as
having historic, scientific, religious, ro social significance.
is the protection of cultural property through activities that
minimize chemical and physical deterioration and damage and that
prevent loss of informational content. The primary goal of preservation is to prolong
the existence of cultural property.
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